May 7

Science Physical Science K-5

Kindergarten

Category State Standard State Indicator Fact, Concept, Genberalization Winnebago Indicator Activity Evaluation Levels

Physical Science

Kindergarten

1.3  Physical science focuses on science facts, concepts, principles, theories, and models that are important for all students to know, understand, and use.          
Kindergarten
1.3.1 By the end of first grade, students will develop an understanding of the characteristics of materials.

Observe and describe characteristics of common materials (e.g., paper, wood, metal, and wool).

Observe and describe properties of common materials (e.g., how they will float, sink, mix, dissolve, or not dissolve in various liquids).

 

Matter

Objects have many characteristics (properties).

Objects are identified and described by their characteristics (properties).

Magnetism is a characteristic (property) of objects.

1.3.1 Characteristics (properties} of objects.

Identify shapes - triangles, circles, squares, and obvious rectangles.

 

   
Kindergarten   Observe and classify materials as a solid, liquid, or gas. Objects are sorted and classified by their characteristics (properties). Sort/ classify objects by one physical characteristic (property) color, size (small or large), shape (triangles, circles, squares, and obvious rectangles).    
Kindergarten       4.2.2    
Kindergarten    

Position, motion, and force

Objects can be moved with a push or pull

4.3.3 Magnets can push and pull other magnets

Demonstrate magnets can push and pull.

   
Kindergarten     Energy      

Physical Science


First

   

Matter

Objects can be made of one or more materials.

Matter takes up space and has weight Solids can not be in the same place at the same time.

Demonstrate that solids can't be in the same place at the same time.

Sort shapes by size (small, medium, large)

Describe characteristics (properties)of common materials texture, color, sink or float, solid or liquid, identify/ match obvious states of matter (solid - wood, plastic, glass, liquid -pop, water, milk, gas- air).

     
First     Position, Motion, and Force   Identify a shadow  
First 4.3.3 Magnetism is a property of some objects (push, pull (force). propeties of magnets attract and repel, have stronger points (poles).  

Energy

Vibrating objects produce sound.

Things near the earth fall to the ground unless something holds them up.

 

     

 

Second

Category State Standard State Indicator Fact, Concept, Genberalization Winnebago Indicator Activity Evaluation Levels

Physical Science

4.3  Physical Science

Physical science focuses on the science facts, concepts, principles, theories, and models that are important for all students to know, understand, and use.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
Second 4.3.1 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of the characteristics of objects and materials.

Classify objects by observable characteristics (shape, size, and color).

Compare and contrast characteristics of common materials using tools (e.g., rulers, scales, thermometers, microscopes, and hand lenses).

Demonstrate that materials can change from solid to liquid to gas by heating and from gas to liquid to solid by cooling.

Matter

Objects have many properties.

Objects can be identified by their characteristics (properties).

Objects can be described by their characteristics (properties).

Objects can be made of one or more materials.

Matter can't take the same space as other matter (solids, liquids, and gases can't be in the same place at the same).

Matter can change from a solid to a liquid, or to a gas and back.

Objects have the characteristic/ property of being able to sink or float.

Magnetism is a property of some objects (push, pull (force). propeties of magnets attract and repel, have stronger points (poles).

Identify objects by multiple characteristics/ properties and to describe unique obects by multiple characteristics / properties.

Classify a substance as a solid, liquid or gas.

Observe that water can be a solid or liquid and can change from one state to the other

Demonstrate that solids, liquids, and gases can't be in the same place at the same.

Descibe changes in states of matter (water, butter, chocolate, candle, as ice is a solid, liquid is water, and evaporate leaves the puddle to air) Butyle sterate
matter can change properties with interactions and variables.

Describe characteristics/ properties of objects that might cause it to sink or float.

   
Second 4.3.2 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of the position and motion of objects.

Use reference points to describe the position of an object.

Describe an objectís motion by tracing its position over time.

Demonstrate that the position and motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling.

Demonstrate how sound is produced when objects vibrate.

Change the pitch of sound by changing the rate of vibration

Position, motion, and force

The position and motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling.

Illustrate how an object's position and motion can be changed by pushing or pulling.    
Second 4.3.3 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of light, heat, electricity, and magnetism.  

Energy

Energy is force that indicates change.

     
Second   Distinguish between reflection and refraction of light.

Light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object.

     
Second  

Identify ways in which heat can be produced (e.g., burning, rubbing, or mixing one substance with another).

Demonstrate heat can flow from one object to another by conduction.

Heat can move form one object to another by conduction.

     
Second  

Use electricity to produce heat, sound or magnetic effects.

Demonstrate electrical circuits require a complete loop through which an electrical current can pass.

Vibrating objects produce sound.

Objects can be recognized (identified) by their sounds.

Sound as a property and properties of sound as vibration, pitch (frequency), volume (loud and soft). duration.

Identify that sound travels in waves.    
Second  

Describe the physical properties of magnets.

Magnetism is a property of some objects (push, pull (force). propeties of magnets attract and repel, have stronger points (poles).

Things near the earth fall to the ground unless something holds them up.

 

 

   

Third

Category State Standard State Indicator Fact, Concept, Genberalization Winnebago Indicator Activity Evaluation Levels

Physical Science

4.3  Physical Science

Physical science focuses on the science facts, concepts, principles, theories, and models that are important for all students to know, understand, and use.

 

 

     
Third 4.3.1 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of the characteristics of objects and materials.   Matter      
Third   Classify objects by observable characteristics (shape, size, and color).

Objects have many characteristics (properties).

Objects are identified and described by their characteristics (properties).

Magnetism is a property of some objects (push, pull (force). propeties of magnets attract and repel, have stronger points (poles).

Objects can be made of one or more materials.

Describe the properties of matter (occupies space, has mass, can be a solid, liquid, and gas).

Describe mixtures, dissolving, and solutions.

Liquids pour - Sand pouring,  
Third   Compare and contrast characteristics of common materials using tools (e.g., rulers, scales, thermometers, microscopes, and hand lenses).

Properties of matter can be measured using tools such as rulers, balances, and thermometers

     
Third  

Demonstrate that materials can change from solid to liquid to gas by heating and from gas to liquid to solid by cooling.

Materials can exist in different states (solid, liquid, gas).

 

 

 

 

 
Third 4.3.2 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of the position and motion of objects.

Use reference points to describe the position of an object.

Describe an objectís motion by tracing its position over time.

Demonstrate that the position and motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling.

Position, motion, and force

The position and motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling.

Objects position and motion can be changed by pushing or pulling.

Bouyance of objects...

Show how an object's position and motion can be changed and the direction of change by pushing or pulling (force).

Outline a shadow.

Describe the relationship between the Sun and shadows on Earth.

Trace the shadow of a stationary object on the playground at multiple times of the day.  
Third  

Demonstrate how sound is produced when objects vibrate.

Change the pitch of sound by changing the rate of vibration

Vibrating objects produce sound.

     
Third 4.3.3 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of light, heat, electricity, and magnetism.          
Third   Distinguish between reflection and refraction of light.

Energy

Light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object.

Light can be reflected by a mirror, refracted by a lens, or absorbed by an object.

Recognize that a shadow is the absence of light.

Describe the relationship between the Sun and shadows on Earth.

   
Third  

Identify ways in which heat can be produced (e.g., burning, rubbing, or mixing one substance with another).

Demonstrate heat can flow from one object to another by conduction.

Heat can move form one object to another by conduction.

Heat can be produced in many ways (burning, rubbing, mixing).

Materials change states (solid, liquid, gas) when their heat energy increases or decreases to a certain degree.

     
Third  

Use electricity to produce heat, sound or magnetic effects.

Demonstrate electrical circuits require a complete loop through which an electrical current can pass.

Describe the physical properties of magnets.

Electricity is a source of energy.

Electrical Safety see social/ personal

Magnetism is a property of some objects (push, pull (force). propeties of magnets attract and repel, have stronger points (poles), attract certain kinds of materials (iron, nickel, cobalt, loadstone)

Identify electricity as a source of energy.

Recognize three components of a simple circuit.

Build a simple circuit.

Identify several types of magnets and describe their uses.

Construct an electric magnet.

Describe variables that affect the strength of a magnet.

 

Electro magnets measure strength relative to number of batteries connected in series, coils around the iron core.

Measure strength of magnets at different points.

Measure strength of magnets attraction to paper clips.

 
Third    

Things near the earth fall to the ground unless something holds them up.

     

Fourth

Category State Standard State Indicator Fact, Concept, Genberalization Winnebago Indicator Activity Evaluation Levels

Physical Science

4.3  Physical Science

Physical science focuses on the science facts, concepts, principles, theories, and models that are important for all students to know, understand, and use.

 

 

     
Fourth 4.3.1 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of the characteristics of objects and materials.

Classify objects by observable characteristics (shape, size, and color).

 

 

Matter

Objects have many properties.

Objects are identified and described by their properties.

Objects can be made of one or more materials.

Magnetism is a characteristic (property) of some objects. Characteristics (propeties) of magnets: attract and repel, have stronger points (poles), attract certain kinds of materials (iron, nickel, cobalt, loadstone)

Materials may be made up of parts that are too small to be seen without magnification.

Describe the properties of matter (occupies space, has mass, can be a solid, liquid, and gas).    
Fourth   Compare and contrast characteristics of common materials using tools (e.g., rulers, scales, thermometers, microscopes, and hand lenses).

Properties of matter can be measured using tools such as rulers, balances, and thermometers

     
Fourth   Demonstrate that materials can change from solid to liquid to gas by heating and from gas to liquid to solid by cooling.

Materials can exist in different states (solid, liquid, gas).

     
Fourth 4.3.2 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of the position and motion of objects.

Use reference points to describe the position of an object.

Describe an objectís motion by tracing its position over time.

Demonstrate that the position and motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling.

Demonstrate how sound is produced when objects vibrate.

Change the pitch of sound by changing the rate of vibration

Position, motion, and force

The position and motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling.

Position and motion of objects are desrcibed relative to a reference object.

Describe an objects position relative to a refrence point.    
Fourth 4.3.3 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of light, heat, electricity, and magnetism.          
Fourth   Distinguish between reflection and refraction of light. Energy

Light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object.

Light can be reflected by a mirror, refracted by a lens, or absorbed by the object.

Light interacts with matter by transmission (including refraction), absorption, or scattering (including reflection).

To see an object, light is emitted by the object or reflected from it and enters the eye.

Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object.

Diagram how light can be reflected by a mirror, refracted by a lens, or absorbed by the object.

 

   
Fourth  

Identify ways in which heat can be produced (e.g., burning, rubbing, or mixing one substance with another).

Demonstrate heat can flow from one object to another by conduction.

Heat can move form one object to another by conduction.

Heat can be produced in many ways (burning, rubbing, mixing).

Friction is the resistance. Friction creates heat. Heat can be measured by a thermometer. Body creates heat.

Describe, that by adding or subtracting heat a change of state can happen.

 

Define friction.

   
Fourth    

Force is a push or pull.

Define force,    
Fourth  

Use electricity to produce heat, sound or magnetic effects.

Demonstrate electrical circuits require a complete loop through which an electrical current can pass.

Describe the physical properties of magnets.

Materials change states (solid, liquid, gas) when their heat energy increases or decreases to a certain degree.

Vibrating objects produce sound.

Sound travesl in waves

Things near the earth fall to the ground unless something holds them up.

Magnets attract and repel certain kinds of materials

Define how friction can be reduced. (rollers, liquids, oils, soap, water).

Diagram how sound travels.

Described how rough and smooth surfaces have different friction.

Describe how energy transfers from one object to another.

Build a parallel circuit.

Recognize the components of a parallel circuit.

   

Fifth

Category State Standard State Indicator Fact, Concept, Genberalization Winnebago Indicator Activity Evaluation Levels

Physical Science

Fifth

8.3  Physical Science

Physical science focuses on the science facts, concepts, principles, theories, and models that are important for all students to know, understand, and use.

         
Fifth 8.3.1 By the end of eighth grade, students will develop an understanding of properties and changes of properties in matter.

Investigate and demonstrate that characteristic properties of a substance (e.g., density, boiling point, and solubility) do not depend on the amount of the substance.

 

 

 

Matter

Objects have many properties.

Objects are identified and described by their properties.

Objects can be made of one or more materials.

Magnetism is a characteristic (property) of some objects. Characteristics (propeties) of magnets: attract and repel, have stronger points (poles), attract certain kinds of materials (iron, nickel, cobalt, loadstone)

Materials may be made up of parts that are too small to be seen without magnification.

Materials can exist in different states (solid, liquid, gas).

     
Fifth   Observe, describe, and measure physical and chemical properties of matter.

Properties of matter can be measured using tools such as rulers, balances, and thermometers

Materials may be made up of parts that are too small to be seen without magnification.

Mixtures of substances can be separated using the characteristic properties of each.

     
Fifth   Explain that all matter is composed of elements which may combine in a variety of ways to form compounds.

There are more than 100 known elements which may combine to form compounds.

     
Fifth   Investigate and explain that in chemical reactions new properties are created and total mass is conserved.        
Fifth 8.3.2 By the end of eighth grade, students will develop an understanding of motion and forces.

Investigate and describe the motion of an object by its position, direction of motion, and speed.

Position, motion, and force

Change in force applied to an object in motion will change the speed or direction of that object.

An object in motion continues in a straight line unless acted upon.

     
Fifth  

Investigate and demonstrate that the speed and/or direction of an object changes when a force is applied to that object.

An object in motion continues in a straight line unless acted upon.

     
Fifth 8.3.3 By the end of eighth grade, students will develop an understanding of the forms of energy and how energy is transferred.

Investigate and describe the transfer of light energy.

Energy

Energy is transformed in many ways.

Light refracts when it travels from one medium to other.

Color is a property of light.

White light is all colors. White light can be refracted into the colors of the rainbow.

Identify properties of light as traveling in a straight line, reflecting, refracting, makes color.

Describe how white light can be refracted into the colors of the rainbow.

 

 

   
Fifth  

Investigate and demonstrate how energy is transferred using simple machines.

Energy is transformed in many ways.

Things near the earth fall to the ground unless something holds them up.

 

     
Fifth  

Investigate and describe how heat is transferred from a warmer object to a cooler object until both reach the same temperature.

Energy is transformed in many ways.

Energy relationship to change of state.

Heat flows from warmer to cooler objects until both reach the same temperature.

Heat can move form one object to another by conduction.

Heat can be produced in many ways (burning, rubbing, mixing).

Materials change states (solid, liquid, gas) when their heat energy increases or decreases to a certain degree.

Identify a thermometer. Use a thermometer to measure temperature  
Fifth  

Investigate and describe the properties and transfer of sound energy.

Energy is transformed in many ways.

Vibrating objects produce sound.

 

Describe relationships between amplitude, volume, and frequency, and pitch.

Describe reflection of sound waves as they strike an object.

 

 
Fifth   Investigate and describe the transfer of energy from electrical and magnetic sources to different energy forms (e.g., heat, light, sound, and chemical). Energy is transformed in many ways.      
Fifth       Identify a thermometer. Use a thermometer to measure temperature  
Fifth .

 

Electricity can transfer energy as light, heat, sound, or chemical.

Magnets attract and repel certain kinds of materials.

 

Diagram open and closed circuits.

Describe the path that electricity takes.

Describe the relationshiop between the potential energy and the amount of current that flows through the circuit.

 

 

 

Dr. Robert Sweetland's Notes ©