Science Personal and Social K-5

Category
K - 12

State Standard State Indicator

Fact, Concept, Generalization

Winnebago Indicator Activity Evaluation Levels

Personal and Social

Kindergarten

1.7  Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
A personal and social perspective of science helps a student to understand and act on personal and social issues. This perspective builds a foundation for future decision making.
 

 

     

Personal Health

Kindergarten

1.7.1 By the end of first grade, students will develop an understanding of personal health.

  • Identify safety rules for home and school.
  • Engage in personal care that will maintain and improve health.
  • Describe a healthy diet.
  • Explain that substances can benefit or damage the way the body functions.

People need to take care of themselves.

     

Understanding Resources

Kindergarten

1.7.2 By the end of first grade, students will develop an understanding of resources.
  • Observe and describe how reducing, reusing, and recycling help our environment.

 

     

Personal and Social

First

   

Individuals have responsibility for their own health

     

Understanding Resources

First

   

 

     

Personal and Social

Personal Health

Second

4.7.1 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of personal health.
  • Explain how the body uses food and how various foods contribute to health.
  • Describe how different substances (e.g., tobacco, alcohol, and drugs) can damage the body and alter how it functions.

Individuals have responsibility for their own health.

People need to take care of themselves.

People help other people to make and improve things.

Environments are the space, conditions, and factors that affect an individual’s and a population’s quality of life and ability to survive.

Safety and security are basic needs of humans.

Safety involves freedom from danger, risk, or injury.

Security involves feelings of confidence and lack of anxiety and fear.

Ideas and inventions affect people.

Following safety rules at home and school prevent injury.

Knowing when and whom to ask for help reduces risk.

Knowing when and how to say no reduces risk.

Individuals have some responsibility for their own health.

Some diseases are communicable, such as colds, can be prevented with hygiene.

The body’s defense mechanisms can prevent or overcome illness.

Nutrition is essential to health.

earth system cause natural hazards, events that change or destroy human and wildlife habitats, damage property, and harm or kill humans.

Natural hazards include earthquakes, landslides, wildfires, volcanic eruptions, floods, storms, and even possible impacts of asteroids.

Recognize specific human body parts (forehead, elbow, ankle, knee)

Recognize that some diseases are caused by germs.

Diseases caused by germs can be spread from person to person and the number of germs can be reduced by personal behavior (soap, covering mouth when sneeze...).

   

Types of Resources

Second

4.7.2 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of the types of resources.
  • List examples of resources which are basic materials (e.g., air, water, and soil).
  • List examples of resources produced from basic materials (e.g., food, fuel, and building materials).
  • List examples of resources which are intangible materials (e.g., beauty, security, and quiet places).
  • Research and report on the supply of various resources.

 

     

Environmental Changes

Second

4.7.3 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of environmental changes.
  • Distinguish between natural environmental changes and human influenced environmental changes.

 

     

Resolving Community Problems

Second

4.7.4 By the end of fourth grade, students will develop an understanding of how science and technology helps communities resolve problems.
  • Research and explain how science and technology affect the quality of life.

 

     

Personal and Social

Personal Health

Third

   

 

     

Types of Resouces

Third

   

Resources are things that we get from the living and non living environment to meet the needs and wants of a population.

Earth system cause natural hazards, events that change or destroy human and wildlife habitats, damage property, and harm or kill humans.

     

Environmental Changes

Third

   

Human populations include groups of individuals living in particular locations.

Environments are the space, conditions, and factors that affect an individual’s and a population’s quality of life and ability to survive.

     

Resolving Community Problems

Third

   

People help other people to make and improve things.

Ideas and inventions affect people.

     

Personal and Social

Personal Health

Fourth

   

Different substance can damage the body and how it functions.

Regular exercise is important to the maintenance and improvement of health.

Tobacco increases the risk of illness.

Alcohol and other drugs are often abused substances.

Food provides energy and nutrients for growth and development.

     

Types of Resources

Fourth

   

Some resources are basic materials, such as air and water; some are produced from basic resources, such as food and fuel; and some resources are non material, such as beauty and security.

The supply of many resources is limited.

     

Environmental Changes

Fourth

   

The size of a population can increase or decrease.

Changes in environments can be natural or influenced by humans.

Different consequences result form environmental changes occurring at different rates.

Earth system cause natural hazards, events that change or destroy human and wildlife habitats, damage property, and harm or kill humans.

     

Resolving Community Problems

Fourth

   

Science and technology have greatly improved the quality of life for most people.

     

Personal and Social

Personal Health

Fifth

8.7.1 By the end of eighth grade, students will develop an understanding of personal health.
  • Identify and research substances harmful to human beings in the natural environment (e.g., radon, lead, and nitrates).
  • Investigate and explain how personal choices can directly affect a personís health (e.g., exercise, nutrition, and use of drugs).

Individuals have some responsibility for their own health.

People need to take care of themselves.

People help other people to make and improve things.

Environments are the space, conditions, and factors that affect an individual’s and a population’s quality of life and ability to survive.

Safety and security are basic needs of humans.

Safety involves freedom from danger, risk, or injury.

Security involves feelings of confidence and lack of anxiety and fear.

Ideas and inventions affect people.

Following safety rules at home and school prevent injury.

Knowing when and whom to ask for help reduces risk.

Knowing when and how to say no reduces risk.

Some diseases are communicable, such as colds, can be prevented with hygiene.

The body’s defense mechanisms can prevent or overcome illness.

Balanced nutrition is essential to health

Earth system cause natural hazards, events that change or destroy human and wildlife habitats, damage property, and harm or kill humans.

Natural hazards include earthquakes, landslides, wildfires, volcanic eruptions, floods, storms, and even possible impacts of asteroids.

Safety and security are basic needs of humans.

Safety involves freedom from danger, risk, or injury.

Security involves feelings of confidence and lack of anxiety and fear.

Following safety rules at home and school prevent injury.

Knowing when and whom to ask for help reduces risk.

Knowing when and how to say no reduces risk.

Different substance can damage the body and how it functions.

Regular exercise is important to the maintenance and improvement of health.

Tobacco increases the risk of illness.

Alcohol and other drugs are often abused substances.

Food provides energy and nutrients for growth and development.

     

Relationships among populations, resources, and environments

Fifth

8.7.2 By the end of eighth grade, students will develop an understanding of relationships among populations, resources, and environments.
  • Investigate and describe how population levels affect resources and the environment.
  • Investigate and understand that the causes of environmental degradation and resource depletion vary locally and globally.

Overpopulation degrades environments.

Resources are things that we get from the living and non living environment to meet the needs and wants of a population.

Some resources are basic materials, such as air and water; some are produced from basic resources, such as food and fuel; and some resources are non material, such as beauty and security.

The supply of many resources is limited.

Human populations include groups of individuals living in particular locations.

Environments are the space, conditions, and factors that affect an individual’s and a population’s quality of life and ability to survive.

The size of a population can increase or decrease.

Changes in environments can be natural or influenced by humans.

Different consequences result form environmental changes occurring at different rates.

Earth system cause natural hazards, events that change or destroy human and wildlife habitats, damage property, and harm or kill humans.

     

Natural Hazards

Fifth

8.7.3 By the end of eighth grade, students will develop an understanding of natural hazards.
  • Investigate and describe the effect of natural hazards on the environment (e.g., earthquakes, landslides, wildfires, floods, and storms).
  • Investigate and describe human activities (e.g., urban growth, land use, and waste disposal) which can accelerate many natural changes.

Earth system cause natural hazards, events that change or destroy human and wildlife habitats, damage property, and harm or kill humans.

     

Risks and Benefits

Fifth

8.7.4 By the end of eighth grade, students will develop an understanding of risks and benefits.
  • Analyze a type of hazard (e.g., natural, chemical, or biological) to evaluate the options for reducing or eliminating human risk.
  • Describe how perceptions of risks and benefits influence personal and social decision (e.g., seat belt usage and waste disposal procedures).

 

     

Science and Technology in Society

Fifth

8.7.5 By the end of eighth grade, students will develop an understanding of science and technology in society.
  • Explain that the effect of science on society is neither entirely beneficial nor entirely detrimental.
  • Describe how societal challenges and priorities influence research priorities.
  • Explain why science cannot answer all questions and technology cannot solve all human problems or meet all human needs.

Science influences society through its knowledge and world view.

People, cultures, and events in history have advanced science and technology.

Scientists and engineers work in many different settings.

People help other people to make and improve things.

Ideas and inventions affect people.

Science and technology have greatly improved the quality of life for most people.

     

Dr. Robert Sweetland's Notes ©