Four system: Skeleton, Muscle, Skin, Nervous review
Name: ________________________ ______ / 100 points (12 bonus)
1-3. Three main functions of the muscular system.
4-6. Three main parts of the nervous system?
7-11. Describe the function of the nervous system. (Use the words receive, nerve, process or interprete, respond, memory, & CNS and PND.)
12- 15. Describe four functions of the skeletal system.
16-19. Describe four functions of the integumentary system.
20-32. Match the words to the definitions.
- ____ discolored skin caused by leaks and breaks in blood vessels.
- ____ are made of dead cells and keratin.
- ____ protects the brain
- ____ system that coordinates all of the bodies activities.
- ____ protects skin from UV radiation from the Sun.
- ____ the middle layer of skin.
- ____ regulates and controls internal organ (heart, lungs, stomach intestine) functions, and glands.
- ____ A break in a bone with the bone protruding from the skin.
- ____ part of the CNS that receives, processes, and sends signals.
- ____ strong tough fibers that hold bones together at the joints (attach bones to bones).
- ____ part of the the central nervous system that is as thick as an index finger and transmits electrical signals.
- ____ type of muscle that is involuntary and lines the internal organs.
- ____ the oldest part of the brain. Is a three inches long bundle of nerve cells that connect the brain and the spinal cord. All incoming sensory impulses and motor impulses pass
- autonomic nervous system
- brain stem
- central nervous system
- spinal cord
33-45. Match the words to the definitions.
- ____ cells that transmit messages from the receptors in the body (skin, muscles) to the CNS (brain and spinal cord).
- ____ attach muscle to bone.
- ____ protects skin, eyes, and nose from dust and other particles.
- ____ cells that are hard structures to support and protect the body.
- ____ a curvature of the spine.
- ____ regulates the body during rest controls heart rate, relaxes blood vessels, lowers blood pressure, repairs the body, promote digestion and absorption, relaxation, slows respiration, bladder, and sexual arousal.
- ____ protects the heart and lungs.
- ____ muscles do this to move.
- ____kinds of muscles used to move arms, legs, and other body parts.
- ____ injury where ligaments tear or stretch away from the bones.
- ____includes bones and connective tissues.
- ____ makes freckles.
- ____ where the brain integrates information from the senses (hot, cold, pain, touch, and body position in space) for spatial, visual, speech, pain, and touch responses.
- expand & contract
- parasympathetic nervous system
- parietal lobe
- sensory neurons
- skeletal system
46-57. Match the words to the definitions.
- ____ includes skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands.
- ____ gives hair its color.
- ____ the deepest layer of skin.
- ____ joint with back and forth movement (fingers, ankle, elbow, knee).
- ____ located in the CNS and connect neurons in the brain and spinal cord to transmit messages among the CNS.
- ____ inflammation of a tendon caused by overuse, injury, or aging.
- ____ type of muscle attaches to ligaments and tendons.
- ____ a stretching or tearing of muscle or tendon.
- ____ when an organ or tissue protrudes through the muscle area.
- ____ controls voluntary movement, language, concentration, cognition, memory, analysis, consequences, critical thinking, problem solving, logic, planning, and emotions.
- ____ muscles that beat the heart, digest food, breathe ...
- ____ type of muscle makes the walls of the heart.
- frontal lobe
- integumentary (skin) system
- sprain or strain
58-70. Match the words to the definitions.
- ____ transmit signals that have an involuntary or semi-voluntary functions that control the heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, temperature regulation, sweating ....
- ____ grow from the cell body toward neurons, muscle cells, or glands and transmit impulses to them.
- ____ when muscle tissue is progressively destroyed.
- ____ receives information from the somatic nervous system, the spinal cord, and other parts of the brain to regulate voluntary movement such as posture, balance, coordination, speech, to achieve a smooth and balanced activity.
- ____ sends signals from sensory organs, sensory maps of the body, voluntary muscle signals, emotions, memory and consciousness functions to the CNS
- ____ where bones join together.
- ____ helps the body to move, offers protection, and gives the body form and shape.
- ____ gives skin color.
- ____ is when the bone slips from the socket tearing ligaments that attach the bone at the joint.
- ____ is the newest evolved part of the brain and is the center of conscious thought, learning, and memory.
- ____ mobilizes the fight or flight response.
- ____ part of a neuron with a nucleus, connects to dendrites and axons, and regulates the production of protein.
- ____ is the brain location of hearing and auditory processing, smell, memory, thought, and judgment. It is the location of the hippocampus which is associated with memory and memory of faces and locations.
- autonomic neurons
- cell body
- muscular dystrophy
- muscular system
- somatic nervous system
- sympathetic nervous system
- temporal lobe
71-80. Identify ten bones.
81-88. Identify eight muscles
89-99. Match the words to the definitions.
- ____ type of muscles in the digestive tract, urinary tract, bladder, blood vessels, and lungs.
- ____ grows from the cell body and receives signals and transmits them to the cell body.
- ____ is the sight and visual processing center and place for dreams.
- ____ the thin visible top layer of skin
- ____ transmit responses from the brain and spinal cord (CNS) as messages to the muscles and glands.
- ____ A crack or break in a bone.
- ____ an important mineral needed for healthy bones.
- ____ the kind of joint that moves bones in large circles (shoulder & hip).
- ____ the kind of joint that moves very little and give an example (skull & ribs).
- ____ substance in the center of bones.
- ____an inflammation of the joint from normal wear, injury, or autoimmune disease.
- ball & socket
- motor neurons
- occipital lobe
100-104. Describe five ways to care for musclar, skeletal, integumentary, and nervous system.
105. Describe a muscle system health and care issues and remedy.
106. Describe a nervous system health and care issue.
107. Describe a skeletal system health and care issue.
108. Describe an integementary system health and care issue.
109-110. Describe two ideas you learned, that haven't been include, about the musclar, skeletal, integumentary, or nervous system.