Nutrition, Diet, & Exercise Crossword Puzzle

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3. fats currently considered the worst fats for our health and have been removed from many products.
4. a negative reaction to food that doesn't involve the immune system.
5. intolerance to gluten, a protein in wheat, rye, and barley. Treatment is to avoid these and any product which includes them, pasta, bread, beer.
8. when people eat excessively and compulsively.
9. a mental or visual image of what one's body is or should be like that is sometimes idealized or misconceived in a mental disorder such as anorexia nervosa.
12. usually from liquid and plant sources, such as canola oil, seeds, and nuts. Moderate amounts can help lower blood cholesterol and protect the heart.
14. a substance obtained from a flowering plant whose stem isn't woody and whose growth usually ends in the fall (herb).
18. when bones become porous, brittle, fragile, and can easily break as a result of not enough calcium.
19. a sudden involuntary and sometimes painful contraction of muscles caused by overworked or dehydrated muscles. Stretching and rehydration can relieve cramps.
21. when people lack sufficient lactase, to metabilize lactose, causing bloating, gas, nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea depending on the amount eaten.
23. a synthetic derivative of testosterone available as a prescription for those in need of a supplement and available illegally by people who abuse them to help increase athletic performance and improve body appearance. There are serious and irreversible side effects that have resulted from unusually high levels of steroids. These include high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol levels, liver damage, heart failure, acne, baldness, aggressive behavior, and violent behavior.
25. the process of a body taking in and using food.
29. any of various extreme or harmful eating behaviors that can cause severe illness or death. Such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia.
32. a negative response by the immune system to a protein in certain foods. Most often peanuts, milk, eggs, soybeans, tree nuts, wheat, fish, and shellfish,
34. any movement that works your muscles and causes the body to use more energy than when it is resting.
36. fats mostly from animal or vegetable sources.
39. a waxy fat like substance in blood. It is used to make cell walls, clotting, hormones, and vitamin D.
40. the process in which energy is derived from food.
44. a person whose diet includes plants (vegan) and dairy products.
45. a desire or craving for food or water.
46. any activity with physical effort that improves or maintains physical fitness. Activities that may be planned, repeated, and structured.
47. organic substances in food that are used by the body to regulate how it works.
48. a person who eats vegetables, fruits, nuts, grain, etc. Does not eat meat, fish, fowl. However, in some cases they may not eat any food derived from animals, such as eggs or cheese.
49. a beverage with stimulant drugs marked to provide enhanced mental and physical activity. The main ingredient is usually caffeine. They may or may not have carbonation, sugar, herbal extracts, B vitamins, and amino acids.
50. sweet or starchy foods. Chemically they are sugars, starches, and cellulose in different combinations.
51. a unit used to measure the amount of energy in food. One calorie is the amount of heat energy it takes to increase the temperature of one gram of water one degree.
52. the process of passing microorganisms or other harmful substances from one food to another.
53. the process of heating a substance to kill or slow the growth of microorganisms that can cause disease or spoil food.

1. examples are folic acid, Vitamin A, and the B vitamins.
2. substances that are added to food to enhance it in a variety of ways. Taste better adding sweeteners, salt, fat, texture, color, reduce fat, ...
6. vitamin examples are vitamins A, D, E, and K.
7. made in the adrenal cortex located above the kidney. These hormones include aldosterone, which helps regulate sodium concentration in the body, and cortisol, which plays many roles in the body, including serving as part of the body's stress response system, and the bodies illness, injury, and immune response. Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, treat arthritis, asthma, autoimmune diseases such as lupus and multiple sclerosis, skin conditions such as eczema and rashes, and some kinds of cancer.
10. the bodies response when it is need of food.
11. a carbohydrates the body can’t digest or absorb.
13. concentrated forms of energy.
15. a mental and physical disorder characterized by consumption of large amounts of food (binge) and ridding of the food and calories (purge) by fasting, excessive exercise, vomiting, or using laxatives.
16. foods with a high ratio of nutrients to calories. More nutrients for each calorie. Carrots are more nutrient dense than potato chip.
17. a substance in coffee, tea, soft drinks, chocolate, kola nuts, and energy drinks. It has several effects on metabolism.
20. do this for at least 20 seconds with warm water and soapy before handling food and always after handling meat, eggs, pets, diapers, or leaving the bathroom.
22. a person who eats only plant based foods. Omits all animal products from their diet.
24. a variety of wide amino acids, minerals, vitamins, and herbs taken as nutritional supplements to regular food.
26. a stretched or pulled muscle anywhere from a slightly stretched muscle to one that is torn apart.
27. an amino acid that helps release energy particularly for muscle contraction. Used to provide a burst of energy or strength and reduce fatigue. Side effects induce cramps, nausea, and damage the heart, liver, and kidneys. In addition to improving athletic performance, creatine is prescribed for congestive heart failure (CHF), depression, bipolar disorder, Parkinson’s disease, muscle diseases, diseases of the nerves, gyrate atrophy, high cholesterol, slow ALS (Lou Gehrig’s disease), rheumatoid arthritis, McArdle’s disease, and muscular dystrophies.
28. a web site with an interactive guide to assist in healthy eating.
30. a raised area on the skin filled with liquid. Usually caused by friction. Cover them and let them heal. Protect feet with well-fitting socks and shoes and hands with gloves.
31. the state of being ability to easily perform your occupation, sports, and generally go about your life without getting tired or altering your plans to reduce the physical activity.
33. these include: free, none, insignificant amount, low, light, reduced, high, and so on. See explanations of these different meanings.
34. substances that improve athletic and other performance.
35. the building blocks of the body. Your body uses about 20 amino acids, digested from your food and put back together as proteins used to make all the cells in your body.
36. inactive or seated resulting in little physical activity.
37. hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated fats created when liquid oils are turned into solid fats. Shortening and stick margarine are examples.
38. a mental and physical disorder characterized by loss of weight brought on by an unrealistic fear of weight gain, self-starvation, and conspicuous distortion of body image. Health is compromised and may be fatal. Latin definition means - nervous inability to eat.
41. natural and synthetic hormones made naturally in the testicles, ovaries, adrenal cortex.
42. foods without chemicals: such as synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, nor contain any GMO's (genetically modified organisms) or subjected to some types of radiation.

43. elements found in food used by the body.


Dr. Robert Sweetland's notes &