Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences


by Gardner's categories
Think Understands deeply when Related activities & materials
Linguistic in words reading, writing, telling stories, playing word games, books, tapes, writing tools, paper, diaries, dialogue, discussion, debate, stories,
Logical-Mathematical by reasoning experiments, categorizing, classifying, questioning figure-out logical puzzles, calculating, problems to solve, manipulatives, science materials, trips to museums, riddles, planetariums, computer programming
Spatial/visual in images and pictures designing, drawing, visualizing, doodling, imagining art objects, LEGO's, videos, movies, slides, imagination games, charts, pictures, graphs, diagrams, maps, puzzles, illustrated books, trips to museums
Bodily-Kinesthetic through body sensations dancing, running, jumping, touching, gesturing, role play, drama, movement, crafts, construction of things, sports and physical games, tactile experiences, hands-on activities
Musical via rhythms and melodies singing, whistling, humming, tapping feet and hands, listening, sing-along, trips to concerts, music playing, musical instruments
Interpersonal by communication with people, leading, and negotiating leading, organizing, relating, manipulating, mediating, partying friendly discussion, group activities, social gatherings, sharing, community events, clubs, mentors, apprenticeships
Intrapersonal internal, feelings, communication with themselves, intuitive, original setting goals, meditating, dreaming, being quiet, planning secret places, time alone, self-paced projects, choices, independent projects
Naturalist understands the natural world, distinguishes objects and characteristics in the natural world: flora, fauna, animals, rocks, earth, environment and their interrelationships. working in nature, exploring living things, learning about plants, animals, and natural events being outdoors, walking, hiking, camping, gardening, caring for animals, pets, farming, ranching, horticulture, green house, rock hunting, insect collections
Existential understands a nature of existence, who are we, why we die, how we got here ... analyzing and thinking about things that we can't see and asking questions that don't have clear answers. books, stories, videos, and other media that deals with creation, purpose of life, and life after death. Spiritual artifacts and philosophical use of logic


"Word smart, picture smart, number smart, body smart, music smart, self smart, people smart, nature smart." Thomas Armstrong



Dr. Robert Sweetland's notes &