Multiple Intelligences, Ways of Knowing, Learning Channels

Nine Kinds of Learning Styles:

Learning Style
by Gardner's categories

Think

Understands deeply when

Materials

Linguistic

in words

reading, writing, telling stories, playing word games,

books, tapes, writing tools, paper, diaries, dialogue, discussion, debate, stories,

Logical-Mathematical

by reasoning

experiments, categorizing, classifying, questioning figure-out logical puzzles, calculating,

problems to solve, manipulatives, science materials, trips to museums, riddles, planetariums, computer programming

Spatial/visual

in images and pictures

designing, drawing, visualizing, doodling, imagining

art objects, LEGO's, videos, movies, slides, imagination games, charts, pictures, graphs, diagrams, maps, puzzles, illustrated books, trips to museums

Bodily-Kinesthetic

through body sensations

dancing, running, jumping, touching, gesturing,

role play, drama, movement, crafts, construction of things, sports and physical games, tactile experiences, hands-on activities

Musical

via rhythms and melodies

singing, whistling, humming, tapping feet and hands, listening,

sing-along, trips to concerts, music playing, musical instruments

Interpersonal

by communication with people, leading, negotiating

leading, organizing, relating, manipulating, mediating, partying

friendly discussion, group activities, social gatherings, sharing, community events, clubs, mentors, apprenticeships

Intrapersonal

internal, feelings, communication with themselves, intuitive, original

setting goals, meditating, dreaming, being quiet, planning

secret places, time alone, self-paced projects, choices, independent projects

Naturalist

understands the natural world, distinguishes objects and characteristics in the natural world: flora, fauna, animals, rocks, earth, environment and their interrelationships. working in nature, exploring living things, learning about plants, animals, and natural events being outdoors, walking, hiking, camping, gardening, caring for animals, pets, farming, ranching, horticulture, green house, rock hunting, insect collections

Existential

understands a nature of existence, who are we, why we die, how we got here analyzing and thinking about things that we can't see and asking questions that don't have clear answers. books, stories, videos, and other media that deals with creation, purpose of life, and life after death. Spiritual artifacts and philosophical use of logic

"Word smart, picture smart, number smart, body smart, music smart, self smart, people smart, nature smart." Thomas Armstrong

Dr. Robert Sweetland's Notes ©