Multiple Intelligences, Ways of Knowing, Learning Channels

Nine Kinds of Learning Styles:

Learning Style
by Gardner's categories


Understands deeply when



in words

reading, writing, telling stories, playing word games,

books, tapes, writing tools, paper, diaries, dialogue, discussion, debate, stories,


by reasoning

experiments, categorizing, classifying, questioning figure-out logical puzzles, calculating,

problems to solve, manipulatives, science materials, trips to museums, riddles, planetariums, computer programming


in images and pictures

designing, drawing, visualizing, doodling, imagining

art objects, LEGO's, videos, movies, slides, imagination games, charts, pictures, graphs, diagrams, maps, puzzles, illustrated books, trips to museums


through body sensations

dancing, running, jumping, touching, gesturing,

role play, drama, movement, crafts, construction of things, sports and physical games, tactile experiences, hands-on activities


via rhythms and melodies

singing, whistling, humming, tapping feet and hands, listening,

sing-along, trips to concerts, music playing, musical instruments


by communication with people, leading, negotiating

leading, organizing, relating, manipulating, mediating, partying

friendly discussion, group activities, social gatherings, sharing, community events, clubs, mentors, apprenticeships


internal, feelings, communication with themselves, intuitive, original

setting goals, meditating, dreaming, being quiet, planning

secret places, time alone, self-paced projects, choices, independent projects


understands the natural world, distinguishes objects and characteristics in the natural world: flora, fauna, animals, rocks, earth, environment and their interrelationships. working in nature, exploring living things, learning about plants, animals, and natural events being outdoors, walking, hiking, camping, gardening, caring for animals, pets, farming, ranching, horticulture, green house, rock hunting, insect collections


understands a nature of existence, who are we, why we die, how we got here analyzing and thinking about things that we can't see and asking questions that don't have clear answers. books, stories, videos, and other media that deals with creation, purpose of life, and life after death. Spiritual artifacts and philosophical use of logic

"Word smart, picture smart, number smart, body smart, music smart, self smart, people smart, nature smart." Thomas Armstrong

Dr. Robert Sweetland's Notes ©