Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development

Erikson’ developmental model is a series of psychosocial crises which individuals must successfully resolve as they mature.

Of prime importance in resolving these conflicts are the adults who care for children and the interactions in which they are involved.

Maturation occurs as each individual progresses from one stage to the next.

Stage

Approximate Age

Crisis

Infancy

birth - 18 months

Trust vs. mistrust

Stage

Approximate Age

Crisis

Early childhood

10 mo. - 3 years

Autonomy Vs doubt

Child is becoming an independent self, play is important as a means for developing autonomy, learning about other children and adults, rules and laws are important as social order.

Stage

Approximate Age

Crisis

Middle childhood

3-6 years

Initiative Vs guilt

Children are increasingly able to care for themselves and their possessions. Develop the ability to realize that others may be in opposition to their behavior. Guilt may result in resolution of the conflict. Play can be categorized in two general forms: solitary / dreaming and interaction with others in the form of enacting life. This enables them to think about their future as well as their present roles.

Stage

Approximate Age

Crisis

Late childhood

7-11 years

Industry Vs inferiority

Children at this age are determined to master tasks. Learn to work together with others for a common goal. Are constantly engaged in activities that allow them to practice. Their being able to do results in industry else inferiority.

Stage

Approximate Age

Crisis

Adolescents

12-20 years

Identity Vs role diffusion

Search for identity is linked to becoming a person with identity: identity linked to a cultural, personalities, and a community (families, groups, sports, gangs...)

 

Dr. Robert Sweetland's Notes ©