Curriculum Development Model



Combination including some or all representatives from:

  • teachers,
  • administration,
  • staff,
  • community,
  • students,
  • parents,
  • business partners


Grouping of participants

  • Selective,
  • Inclusive,
  • Large groups,
  • Small groups,


Governance and Leadership of participants

  • Hierarchial,
  • Democratic,
  • Boss management,
  • Lead management,
  • Conflict resolution,
  • Decision making,
  • Resistance to change,
  • Win - Win

Documentation types for
Enacted Curriculum

  • Mission statement
  • Vision statements
  • Deliberation of beliefs / assumptions / aims / goals
  • Principled Procedures
  • Common needs

Knowledge documentation

Subjects, social skill, multicultural, special needs, extracurricular, character education, values, ethics, moral, citizenship, emotional, technology, bullying, violence.

Knowledge can be organized around: goals, concepts, objectives, benchmarks, learning outcomes,

All of which can be written as specific or general and published in documents such as:

  • Programs of study
  • Instructional Examples
  • Teacher action plans
  • Teacher/student(s) interactions, interactions with materials, ideas, and students interactions with students in different groupings.
  • Assessment Procedures
  • Handbooks for teachers, students, and parents with policy and procedures related to school, extra curricular activities, management, decision making...
  • Time lines
  • Resource documents
  • Strategic planning, five year plans...


Hidden curriculum


Decision Screens

Current practices

Knowledge (Standards and non standard)

  • Funding,
  • Budget,
  • Physical plant building,
  • Community,
  • Business,
  • Technology,
  • Teachers,
  • Staff,
  • Materials

Scientific research

Wisdom of practice

Philosophy good life, citizens, parents, administration, students, teachers, traditions, beliefs, assumptions, new trends

  • Nature of the student,
  • Learning theory,
  • Child and adolescent development,
  • Motivation
  • Grouping of students,
  • Social


Assessment and evaluation

Community citizens, parents, students, business,  rural, urban, gender, ethnicity, diversity

School and classroom environment


Scheduling - Time frames, Calendar year, day


Interactions responsiveness, instructional, conflict resolution, consensus building, behavior management

Graduation requirements, gateways, retention

Class size, school size,

Violence, Safety

Special needs


  • On going assessment,
  • strategic planning,
  • needs assessment, and other
  • reviews of mission, beliefs, principles, assumptions, policy, procedures, outcomes and discuss relevance of mission to identified areas of concern.

Proceduralized through: Discussion, questioning, recognition of problems, identify areas of concern on which to focus and select area or problem…


Change process

Ideas to Consider when Analyzing Possible Curricular Change
  • Describe rationale for why change is necessary and how change fits with mission…
  • Identify goals
  • Identify resources, people who might be involved, possible conflicts, what success could look like, how to measure success, who would evaluate and how.
  • Develop plan
  • Develop time line
  • Describe what flexibility is included for success and relevance to mission
  • Implement plan
  • On going assessment
  • Evaluate


Dr. Robert Sweetland's notes