|540,000 - 430,000
540,000 - 430,000 years old, was found at a site on the Solo River in Java by Eugene Dubois at the time he discovered bones of early human, Trinil 2 classified as Homo-erectus.
Are the zig-zag etchings art, doodles, or a means for communicating?
Jonathon Keats: in Discover July 2015
|45,000 B.C.E.||Carvings: on mammoth teeth, ivory, bone, antlers|
|20,000 B.C.E.|| Cave drawings: could have been warnings, messages, recorded history, maps,
Notched sticks: Rope quipu: Wampum:
|3500 B.C.E.|| Cuneiform: wedge shaped, Sumerians, Tigris-Euphrates Rivers, Mesopotamia, stone was scarce so used clay tablets and a stylus, created pictograms and ideograms, open hand = peace, closed hand = war, crown, dish... Later started to use phonograms.
Gilgamesh, one of the oldest stories 4000 years old.
Hieroglyphics: sacred carvings, carved, painted, later on papyrus.
|3000 B.C.E.||Papyrus: laid strips of papyrus crisscross on a flat stone, treated it with a gum solution, pressed and pounded, polished, and added to a continuous scroll. Wrote with reed brushes.|
|1400 B.C.E.||China writing on bones - Oracle bones Shang China|
|1270 B.C.E.||Syria encyclopedia|
|770 B.C.E.|| Alphabet, comes from the first two letters of Greek alphabet: alpha and beta.
|50 B.C.E.||China write on bamboo, silk, wood|
|Greeks created more than an alphabet. They wrote excellent literature, myths, plays, stories, and informational materials about politics, science, and philosophy. Characters included Hercules, Theseues, and the Olympians, ...|
|200 B.C.E.||Codex, skins, vellum, or parchment was durable and easier to write on, fasten pages into a book or make a scroll. Monks copied many pages and put them together into books and manuscripts.|
|0||B. C. E. ---------- C. E.|
|105 C. E.||Paper originated in China. Its use spread to the middle east in 500, Italy 1270, and Europe 1300.|
|Romans: copied books, wrote on wood tablets and covered them with wax. Latin word liber is root word for library.|
|Book comes from boc, Anglos Saxon word for beech, since they carved letters into slabs of beech bark.|
|220||Chinese invented wood block printing to print on textiles|
|868||First Chinese book - Diamond Sutra - printed with wood block printing|
|990 - 1051||Chinese invented ceramic movable type.|
|640?-70?||Aldhelm abbot of Malmesbury, First to write lesson books in either rhymed or question-and-answer form.|
|1033-1109||Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, wrote an encyclopedia on manners and customs, natural science, children's duties, morals, and religious precepts to instruct and instill principles of belief and conduct.|
|1050-114?||Scroll of Animals, Toba Sajo.|
[ Next 1200 - 1799 ]