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Literature, Art, & Media
1800 to 1899 C. E.

Date Event
1793-1860 Samuel G. Goodrich - book publisher and writter under the pen name Peter Parley. Wrote pretty Peter Parley's Tales about America, wrote biographies of famous men, which included information for science, history, and geography. Samples
Born in Connecticut. Sixth of ten children. His father was a minister. He began to publish books in 1816. He decided children liked to read non fiction rather than fiction and fantasy and pubished books about history, geography, and science rather than fairies, giants and monsters. He moved to Boston and created the psydoneuym Peter Parley and published Peter Parley's Tales about America in 1827 for 7-13 years old. Many facts are questionable - Laplanders ask the advice of black cats and Peter the Great worked as a carpenter to learn how to build ships. The stories had a lot of moral preaching as well as prejudices and biases - the Chinese are ignorant and superstitious. While the frontpiece in his books illustrate an older man he was 23 in 1820 and 33 in 1830.
1803-1879 Jacob Abbott - wrote a series both for boys and girls. His girl series included Cousin Lucy, (6 volumes), Franconia (10 volumes), Juno (4 volumes), and Florence (6 volumes). His boy series included Rollo In Europe, (10 volumes), Rollo (all others, 14 volumes), Jonas (4 volumes), Marco Paul Travels (8 volumes), and Rainbow and Lucky (5 volumes).
1804 Original Poems For Infant Minds, by Ann (1782-1866) and June Taylor (1783-1824)
Best known today for - Twinkle Twinkle Little Star
Teaches lessons in the manner of Isaac Watt's - Devine and Moral Songs for the Use of Children, but more vigorous and fun-loving.
1807 Butterfly's Ball print Poem
The Butterfly's Ball and the Grasshopper's Feast
by William Roscoe
1812 Kinder-und Hausmarchen, First volume of Grimm Brother's fairy tales. Jacob (1785-1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859).
Inspired others to collect fairy tales. Hans Christian Andersen in Denmark, Asbjornsen and Moe in Norway, Joseph Jacobs and Andrew Lang in England. English Fairy Tale (Joseph Jacobs), The Blue Fairy Book, and the Red Fairy Book (Andrew Lang).
1813 Swiss Family Robinson, Johann David Wyss (Swiss writer) Later movies by Disney and others sty
1818 Mary ShelleyFrankenstein (The Modern Prometheus), Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, at 21 wrote her story. Often credited as the world’s first science fiction novel.
A story about a creature, assembled from different corpses, by a scientist who abandoned his creation. Alone Frankenstein reached out several times for friendship. Over and over he was rejected, because of his unusual appearance. After repeated rejection, he sought to avenge the injustices he suffered.
1820 Ivanhoe: A Romance, Sir Walter Scott
1822 A Visit from St. Nicholas or The Night Before Christmas, Clement Moore
1823 Grimm's Fairy Tales , translated into English by Edgar Taylor
1826 Mary Had a Little Lamb, by Joseph Hales
1826 The Last of the Mohicans, by James Fenimore Cooper
1827 imageJoseph Nicephore Niépce produced the first known surviving photograph, which he called a heliograph. The image is of a building on the left, a tree to the left of center, and a barn in the foreground. The image shows the courtyard from an upstairs window outside his estate. It was exposed for eight hours during which time the sun moved far enought to shine on both sides of the building. It is in the permanent collection of the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center at the University of Texas at Austin.
1836 McGuffey's Reader, by William Holmes a Presbyterian clergyman
1839 Holiday House, by Catherine Sinclair
1843 A Christmas Carol, by Charles Dickens; (1812-1870)
His writings were heavily influenced by his being forced to leave school at 12 years old and work ten-hour days pasting labels on pots of boot blacking for six shillings a week to pay of his father's debt and his father, mother, and the rest of their children were put into debtors' prison. Source
Also wrote David Copperfield, Oliver Twist, Great Expectations, and, A Tale of Two Cities.
1846 Book of Nonsense, by Edward Lear; (1812-1888) collection of silly verses and pictures.
1846 The Fairy Tales, of Hans Christian Anderson were translated by Mary Howitt. Into English
1851 King of the Golden River, by John Ruskin
1852 & 1853 A Wonder Book for Girls and Boys, and
Tanglewood Tales for Girls and Boys, both include retold Greek tales, by Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)
1855 The Rose and the Ring, by William Makepeace Thackeray; (1811-1863)
1857 Tom Browns School Days, by Thomas Hughe
1856 & 1860 The Daisy Chain and The Clever Woman of the Family, Charlote Yonge. Stories about moral heroines that come rise above severe conditions to achieve the good life usually in the arms of a handsome man.
1862 Goblin Market, by Christina Georgina Rossetti
1863 Myths by Charles Kingsley (1819-1875) were closer to originals than Hawthorne and convey a grandeur tone and style more like the original. Also wrote the Water Babies a moralistic fantasy where a chimney sweep dies and is reborn in an underwater world where he learns the virtue of kindness and selflessness that he must have before going to heaven.
1865 The House that Jack Built, by Walter Crane
1865 Hans Brinker and the Silver Skates, by Mary Mopes Dodges
1865 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, by Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (1832-1898) a mathematics professor at Oxford used the pen name Lewis Carroll
1867 Sing a Song of Sixpence, and other toy books illustrated by Walter Crane
1867 & 1871 The Light Princess, At the Back of the North Wind, George MacDonald
1867 & 1868 Little Women, by Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888); submitted and the publisher told her it was unacceptable, but later allowed his children to read and they convinced him to publish it. Survives with its strong characterization not with didacticism or sentimentalism.
1868 The Magic Fishbone, by Charles Dickens; (1812-1870)
1872 Sing-Song, by Christina Rossetti
1883 Treasure Island, by Robert Lewis Stevenson
1868+ Elsie Dinsmore (1828-1909), series 26 volumes began in 1868 - pious heroine burst into tears and swooned us into repentance.
1870 The Brownies and other Tales, is a collection of moralizing tales that gave its name to the Girl Scouts in the U.S. by Juliana Horatia Ewing
1870 The Story of a Bad Boy, by Thomas Bailey Aldrich
1871 At the Back of the North Wind, by George MacDonald
1865, 1869, & 1872 From the Earth to the Moon, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, and Around the World in Eighty Days, Jules Verne (1828-1905);
1872 The Princess and the Goblin, by George MacDonald- Princess Irene is the heroine in this literary fairy tale. Its sequel The Princess and the Curdie
1873 St. Nicholas, Scribner's Illustrated Magazine for Girls and Boys, edited by Mary Mapes Dodge
1876 & 1884 Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Samuel Clemens (1835-1910)
1877 Black Beauty, by Anna Sewell
1878 Under the Window, by Kate Greenaway
1878 The Diverting History of John Gilpin, or John Gilpin's Ride, illustrated by Randolph Caldecott
1880 The Peterkin Papers, Peterkin Family, Lucretia Hale (1820-1900); The Lady from Philadelphia.
1880 or 1881 The Five Little Peppers and How They Grew, by Margaret Sidney pseudonym for Harriet Lothrop
1881 Uncle Remus: His Songs and Sayings: The Folklore of the Old Plantation by Joel Chandler

Treasure Island, by Robert Louis Stevenson

The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood, by Howard Pyle

There are many Robin Hood books that have been written. The first may have been published in 1770 with many to follow. Pyle's was the first published in the United States for children. Source

The Adventures of Pinocchio. Carlo Collodi (Italian writer) A memorable story with interesting symbolism. Many movies with interesting and sometimes frightening scenes.

Nights with Uncle Remus, by Joel Chandler

1884 Heidi: Her Young Years or Wandering and Learning, (1881) Johanna Spyri (Swiss writer) First English translation. Popularized in 1937 movie by Shirley Temple.
1885 A Child's Garden of Verses, by Robert Louis Stevenson
1886 Little Lord Fauntleroy, by Frances Hodgson Burnett born in England and resettled in the United States.
1888 The Happy Prince and other Tales, by Oscar Wilde
1889 The Blue Fairy Book, Andrew Land; folktales
  Joseph Jacobs (1854-1916); compiled English folk tales



1891 & 1892



1891 - 1927

Carnegie Hall opened, May 5, 1891, with a concert featuring Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. He was there five nights. On his 51st birthday, May 7th he conducted his Suite No. 3. Source

1891 or 1892 Pinocchio, Translated C. Collodi penname for Carlo Lorenzini (1826-1890);


The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, may be the first best known series of books and stories with the same characters. Arthur Conan Doyle, published his first story, A Study in Scarlet, in Beeton’s Christmas Annual (magazine) in 1887. In 1891, the series of Holmes stories began: The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes in 1894, The Return of Sherlock Holmes in 1905, and The Casebook of Sherlock Holmes included stories from 1921-1927. All told Doyle wrote four novels and 58 short stories.

1892 Ballet DancersThe Nutcracker
Russian ballet.
A two-act ballet originally choreographed
by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov
for the score written
by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
1894 The Jungle Book, Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) is a story of a boy (Mowgli) raised by wolves and growing up in British India. Themes include social ideas, justice, and a natural order of life in a jungle setting. Considered by many the best of his pieces. See also his later Just So Stories (1902).
1895 The Time Machine, by H. G. Wells is recognized by some as the first science fiction novel ever published.

The War of the Worlds, by H. G. Wells is recognized by some as the first science fiction novel ever published. It was first published in the United Kingdom by Pearson's Magazine in 1897 and in the US. by Cosmopolitan magazine in 1898. Later as a book in London by William Heinemann in 1898.

Long before the Wright brothers took flight, H.G. Wells has Martians arrive in cylinders, land in England, spread around the world to feed off of humans, aided with heat ray weapons.

The Martians he wrote:

"heads—merely heads,” with “a pair of very large dark-colored eyes,” a “fleshy beak,” and “whiplike tentacles about the mouth".

The plot focuses on mass histeria with an overall theme about the fraility of life. Book source

On October 30, 1938, Orson Welles broadcast an adaptation of The War of the Worlds, with the Martians landing in New Jersey, on his radio program, The Mercury Theatre. The broadcast created hysteria among some of its listeners.

1898 Wild Animals I have Known, by Ernest Thompson Seton (Canadian writer) along with another Canadian writer Charles G. D. Roberts who wrote Red Fox may have been the first to write realistic animal stories.
1899 Stalky and Company, by Rudyard Kipling


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