Parent and Community Involvement
Joyce L. Epstein, in Phi Delta Kappan May 1995 article "School/Family/Community Partnerships Caring for the Children We Share"
In Epstein's article she provides a framework for involvement and sample practices. She has identified six types of involvement in her framework:
- Parenting, where families establish home environments to support children as learners.
- Communicating, design effective school-to-home and home-to-school communication about events and student assessment and evaluation.
- Volunteering, recruiting and organizing parent help and support.
- Learning at home, provide care givers with information and ideas on how to help students at home with curriculum related activities, decisions, and planning.
- Decision making, include parents and community members in decisions made by the school and develop parent and community leaders and representatives.
- Collaborate with community, identify and integrate resources and services from the community to strengthen school programs, family practices, and student learning and development.
Dr. Robert Sweetland's Notes ©